Human born in earth having some unique memory, A few however leave behind impression, powerful enough to continue to remain almost as living presence long after they have gone. As we know many son of Odisha, who sacrificed their life in the formation of a separate Utkal on the basis of language. Maharaja Sriram Chandra BhanjaDeo, no doubt has left a rich legacy behind him and indelible footprints on the sands of that time. Not only the formation of a separate UtkalState, but also his contribution to the propagation, education and social service. And also in Oriya language and literature are recorded as timeless chapters on the pages of history. He was at the same time a pragmatic ruler, the first president of the Utkal Conference, and a competent administrator. In the late nineteenth century, when efforts were made to dismantle Orissa and eradicate Oriya nationalism in India at that time a new odia committee reformed named “UtkalSammilani” under the hard work&leadership of UtkalGouravMadhusudan Das. Its first session was held on December 30, 1903 at the IdugaPadia in Cuttack under the chairmanship of Maharaja Sriram ChandraBhanjDeo. In his speech he motivated all with the idea of making New Odisha and deep patriotism. He was known as the lifelong developer of the Oriya language and the new creator of the new Utkal. Born on the 17th December 1871 in Bhanjadeo dynasty, Sriram Chandra was the son of Maharani GadadharKumari and Maharaja Krushna Chandra BhanjaDeo, the illustrious king of the Mayurbhanj State. Sriram Chandra was unfortunate enough to have lost his father, when he was barely 11 years of age and hence the state came under a British Commissioner till Maharaja came of age; he was formally installed as Maharaja on 15 August 1892. The affairs of state remained in the hands of his grandmother, the Dowager Maharani of Mayurbhanj, until he took charge some years later. He was saddened by his childhood loss to his father, but did not break up with him and completed his minor in Baripada, High School from Cuttack Collegiate School and later F.A (in 1888) under the guidance of PanditGovind Chandra Mohapatra and KidelSaheb from Ravensha College. During his stay in Cuttack, the ideology of UtkalgaurabMadhusudan, the poet Radhanath, and the devotee poet Madhusudan, which led to the development of Sriramchandra’s virtues and personality.On August 15, 1892, Shriramchandra directly took over the rule of Mayurbhanj. In 1896 Maharaja first married to princess Lakshmi Kumari Devi, granddaughter of Maharaja Neelmani Singh of Panchkoti (Chhotanagpur), and was One daughter and two sons. Sadly, he lost to Queen Lakshmi Kumari in 1902. Than after two years afterIn 1904, maharaja again married to Maharani Sucharu Devi, a daughter of Maharshi Keshab Chandra Sen and was one son and two daughters. Princess Sripadmanjari as Rajjema, Purna Chandra as Tikayat and Pratap Chandra BhanjDeo as Chhotarai was the child of his first wife Lakshmi Kumari Deviand lost Princess Sripadamanjari in 1906.Purna Chandra BhanjDeo succeeded him to the throne, while Pratap Chandra BhanjDeo succeeded his elder brother to the throne after the former’s death. Maharaja Sriram Chandra also had a son, Dhrubendra Chandra BhanjDeo and two daughters of his second wife, Sucharu Devi. Dhrubendra Chandra BhanjDeo became an air force pilot and died in action during the Second World War. The elder daughter was married to the Maharaja of Vizianagram and the younger daughter, Rani JyotiManjari Devi was married to MahantSarveshwar Das, the Raja Bahadur of Nandgaon, a princely state of the erstwhile Central Provinces and Berar. In the midst of all this struggle, he did not neglect good governance. For him, governance meant ‘service’. At that time Fascinated by Sri Ramachandra’s administrative prowess and prudence, the British government awarded him the title of “Maharaja” with the Khilat (Certificate of Merit)by Lord Minto in1903 at Imperial Delhi Durbar, which was later made hereditary in 1910. During his reign, the Mayurbhanj state administration, judiciary, education, literature, culture, health, sanitation, roads, transportation, agriculture, forestry, iron ore mines, archeological surveys, etc., improved. Among them are the formation of four sub-divisions (Baripada, Kaptipada, Panchapidha and Bamanghati) in the state, the formation of the State Council in the democratic framework of administration. In the administration system the Collector and a staff Deputy Collector and the subdivisional officers in their capacity as Deputy Collectors. The State Judge was the head of judicial side of the administration and has under him all Magistrates, Munsifs and SubJudges and the Sub-Divisional Officers in their capacity as Deputy Magistrate. In the SubDivision of Bamanghati and Panchpir, the SubDivisional Officers exercise both judicial and executive functions. The Superintendent of Police and the State Engineer were in-charge of their respective Departments and deal direct with the Chief. The Chief Medical Officer, the Superintendents of Education and all other departments deal direct with the Chief and were immediately subordinate to him. He also brought about reforms in the sphere of language, health and administration, the Balidhiha and Haldia dam for water management, the commencement of the railway line from Rupsa to Baripada known as Mayurbhanj State Railway, the first and foremost in Odisha. In addition to it, the Bengal Nagpur Railways was induced to connect Baripada with the main B.N.R. Line at Rupsa Station.The oldest and first Library in the state as Jubly library known as riramchandraPathagar. During his reign, the scientific operation of iron mines was started for the first time and Gorumahsini mines were leased to the Tatas. In 1903. The establishment of a charitable hospital, a court, a leper asylum in Baripada, and a dharamsala (in the name of Maharani Laxmikumari), the establishment of a government rice paddy for the cultivation, Law enforcement, patronage of the MayurbhanjChhau dance. The famous Chhau dance of Orissa or “war-dance” was presented by him for a show in honor of George V& Queen Mary at a pageant in Calcutta in 1912, which drew universal appreciation and the British emperor, who was impressed by its beauty and splendour. The pension system of state employees. There was then a total length of 474.50 miles of road out of which more than 100 miles were metalled in State connecting all divisional towns with Baripada, the formation of a municipality for sovereignty in Baripada (which was the first in Odisha) under Mayurbhanj State Regulation of 1905. The Municipal area was divided into 6 wards and the number of Commissioners was 14 excluding the Chairman, 5 of them being official and 9 nonofficials.etc., are noteworthy. Maharaja Shriramchandra’s developmental measures were not limited to Mayurbhanj, the improvement of Ravensa College in Cuttack and the medical school in Cuttack (as Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Medical College at Cuttack was named after him in year 1951), in recognition of the donation and efforts made by the ruler in his lifetime. A college in Ragdha founded by him has been named after him as Sriram Chandra Bhanja Degree College at K.C.pur. The UtkalSahityaSamaj (ShriramchandraBhavan) in Cuttack, Sri ram Chandra study center in Balasore. His contribution to the construction of the Laxmi Narayan temple in Baleswar, is incomparable. He has always been generous in his contribution to the development of Odisha’s literature and culture and presided over the first meeting of UtkalSamilani held on 3 December 1903.From April 1891, “Utkalprabha” was published, and in the first week of October 1905, “Manorama” a weeklymagazine was published. The magazines were enriched by the writing of Fakirmohan, Radhanath and Madhusudan. Remuneration was also provided for the writers. During his tenure, He appointed Mohini Mohan Dhar as the Dewan of Mayurbhanj, and Impressed with the noble qualities of Gopabandhu Das he made him his advocate (legal prosecutor). In 1892, he did major additions to the royal palace of Mayurbhanj, which has 126 rooms. The front of the palace resembles the Buckingham Palace, which was built in 1908. Two colleges, Maharaja Purna Chandra College, and the Government Women’s College are now located inside the palace. And also due to the people’s objection to the access of Bhanja palace by Sucharu Devi, maharaja built another one Palace in Belgadia and a temple was built for the Brahmin community. On February 22, 1912, Shriramchandra was shot dead during the hunt. Mayurbhanj lost its best leader and the state lost a powerful visionary Jananayaka. Maharaja Sri Ramachandra BhanjDeo was the rare combination of idealism and realism entitled Maharaja to the first place among the Bhanja Rulers of Mayurbhanj. It is no denying the fact that he could be regarded as one of the greatest kings of history and the evershiningjewel of Mayurbhanj. His rule can be appropriately referred to as the ‘Ram Rajya’. Article by SUBRAT KUMAR DAS, BARIPADA

2021-02-22 | Baripada

Human born in earth having some unique memory, A few however leave behind impression, powerful enough to continue to remain almost as living presence long after they have gone. As we know many son of Odisha, who sacrificed their life in the formation of a separate Utkal on the basis of language. Maharaja Sriram Chandra BhanjaDeo, no doubt has left a rich legacy behind him and indelible footprints on the sands of that time. Not only the formation of a separate UtkalState, but also his contribution to the propagation, education and social service. And also in Oriya language and literature are recorded as timeless chapters on the pages of history. He was at the same time a pragmatic ruler, the first president of the Utkal Conference, and a competent administrator. In the late nineteenth century, when efforts were made to dismantle Orissa and eradicate Oriya nationalism in India at that time a new odia committee reformed named “UtkalSammilani” under the hard work&leadership of UtkalGouravMadhusudan Das. Its first session was held on December 30, 1903 at the IdugaPadia in Cuttack under the chairmanship of Maharaja Sriram ChandraBhanjDeo. In his speech he motivated all with the idea of making New Odisha and deep patriotism. He was known as the lifelong developer of the Oriya language and the new creator of the new Utkal. Born on the 17th December 1871 in Bhanjadeo dynasty, Sriram Chandra was the son of Maharani GadadharKumari and Maharaja Krushna Chandra BhanjaDeo, the illustrious king of the Mayurbhanj State. Sriram Chandra was unfortunate enough to have lost his father, when he was barely 11 years of age and hence the state came under a British Commissioner till Maharaja came of age; he was formally installed as Maharaja on 15 August 1892. The affairs of state remained in the hands of his grandmother, the Dowager Maharani of Mayurbhanj, until he took charge some years later. He was saddened by his childhood loss to his father, but did not break up with him and completed his minor in Baripada, High School from Cuttack Collegiate School and later F.A (in 1888) under the guidance of PanditGovind Chandra Mohapatra and KidelSaheb from Ravensha College. During his stay in Cuttack, the ideology of UtkalgaurabMadhusudan, the poet Radhanath, and the devotee poet Madhusudan, which led to the development of Sriramchandra’s virtues and personality.On August 15, 1892, Shriramchandra directly took over the rule of Mayurbhanj. In 1896 Maharaja first married to princess Lakshmi Kumari Devi, granddaughter of Maharaja Neelmani Singh of Panchkoti (Chhotanagpur), and was One daughter and two sons. Sadly, he lost to Queen Lakshmi Kumari in 1902. Than after two years afterIn 1904, maharaja again married to Maharani Sucharu Devi, a daughter of Maharshi Keshab Chandra Sen and was one son and two daughters. Princess Sripadmanjari as Rajjema, Purna Chandra as Tikayat and Pratap Chandra BhanjDeo as Chhotarai was the child of his first wife Lakshmi Kumari Deviand lost Princess Sripadamanjari in 1906.Purna Chandra BhanjDeo succeeded him to the throne, while Pratap Chandra BhanjDeo succeeded his elder brother to the throne after the former’s death. Maharaja Sriram Chandra also had a son, Dhrubendra Chandra BhanjDeo and two daughters of his second wife, Sucharu Devi. Dhrubendra Chandra BhanjDeo became an air force pilot and died in action during the Second World War. The elder daughter was married to the Maharaja of Vizianagram and the younger daughter, Rani JyotiManjari Devi was married to MahantSarveshwar Das, the Raja Bahadur of Nandgaon, a princely state of the erstwhile Central Provinces and Berar. In the midst of all this struggle, he did not neglect good governance. For him, governance meant ‘service’. At that time Fascinated by Sri Ramachandra’s administrative prowess and prudence, the British government awarded him the title of “Maharaja” with the Khilat (Certificate of Merit)by Lord Minto in1903 at Imperial Delhi Durbar, which was later made hereditary in 1910. During his reign, the Mayurbhanj state administration, judiciary, education, literature, culture, health, sanitation, roads, transportation, agriculture, forestry, iron ore mines, archeological surveys, etc., improved. Among them are the formation of four sub-divisions (Baripada, Kaptipada, Panchapidha and Bamanghati) in the state, the formation of the State Council in the democratic framework of administration. In the administration system the Collector and a staff Deputy Collector and the subdivisional officers in their capacity as Deputy Collectors. The State Judge was the head of judicial side of the administration and has under him all Magistrates, Munsifs and SubJudges and the Sub-Divisional Officers in their capacity as Deputy Magistrate. In the SubDivision of Bamanghati and Panchpir, the SubDivisional Officers exercise both judicial and executive functions. The Superintendent of Police and the State Engineer were in-charge of their respective Departments and deal direct with the Chief. The Chief Medical Officer, the Superintendents of Education and all other departments deal direct with the Chief and were immediately subordinate to him. He also brought about reforms in the sphere of language, health and administration, the Balidhiha and Haldia dam for water management, the commencement of the railway line from Rupsa to Baripada known as Mayurbhanj State Railway, the first and foremost in Odisha. In addition to it, the Bengal Nagpur Railways was induced to connect Baripada with the main B.N.R. Line at Rupsa Station.The oldest and first Library in the state as Jubly library known as riramchandraPathagar. During his reign, the scientific operation of iron mines was started for the first time and Gorumahsini mines were leased to the Tatas. In 1903. The establishment of a charitable hospital, a court, a leper asylum in Baripada, and a dharamsala (in the name of Maharani Laxmikumari), the establishment of a government rice paddy for the cultivation, Law enforcement, patronage of the MayurbhanjChhau dance. The famous Chhau dance of Orissa or “war-dance” was presented by him for a show in honor of George V& Queen Mary at a pageant in Calcutta in 1912, which drew universal appreciation and the British emperor, who was impressed by its beauty and splendour. The pension system of state employees. There was then a total length of 474.50 miles of road out of which more than 100 miles were metalled in State connecting all divisional towns with Baripada, the formation of a municipality for sovereignty in Baripada (which was the first in Odisha) under Mayurbhanj State Regulation of 1905. The Municipal area was divided into 6 wards and the number of Commissioners was 14 excluding the Chairman, 5 of them being official and 9 nonofficials.etc., are noteworthy. Maharaja Shriramchandra’s developmental measures were not limited to Mayurbhanj, the improvement of Ravensa College in Cuttack and the medical school in Cuttack (as Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Medical College at Cuttack was named after him in year 1951), in recognition of the donation and efforts made by the ruler in his lifetime. A college in Ragdha founded by him has been named after him as Sriram Chandra Bhanja Degree College at K.C.pur. The UtkalSahityaSamaj (ShriramchandraBhavan) in Cuttack, Sri ram Chandra study center in Balasore. His contribution to the construction of the Laxmi Narayan temple in Baleswar, is incomparable. He has always been generous in his contribution to the development of Odisha’s literature and culture and presided over the first meeting of UtkalSamilani held on 3 December 1903.From April 1891, “Utkalprabha” was published, and in the first week of October 1905, “Manorama” a weeklymagazine was published. The magazines were enriched by the writing of Fakirmohan, Radhanath and Madhusudan. Remuneration was also provided for the writers. During his tenure, He appointed Mohini Mohan Dhar as the Dewan of Mayurbhanj, and Impressed with the noble qualities of Gopabandhu Das he made him his advocate (legal prosecutor). In 1892, he did major additions to the royal palace of Mayurbhanj, which has 126 rooms. The front of the palace resembles the Buckingham Palace, which was built in 1908. Two colleges, Maharaja Purna Chandra College, and the Government Women’s College are now located inside the palace. And also due to the people’s objection to the access of Bhanja palace by Sucharu Devi, maharaja built another one Palace in Belgadia and a temple was built for the Brahmin community. On February 22, 1912, Shriramchandra was shot dead during the hunt. Mayurbhanj lost its best leader and the state lost a powerful visionary Jananayaka. Maharaja Sri Ramachandra BhanjDeo was the rare combination of idealism and realism entitled Maharaja to the first place among the Bhanja Rulers of Mayurbhanj. It is no denying the fact that he could be regarded as one of the greatest kings of history and the evershiningjewel of Mayurbhanj. His rule can be appropriately referred to as the ‘Ram Rajya’. Article by SUBRAT KUMAR DAS, BARIPADA